Picasso again addresses political concerns in Massacre in Korea. His distain for war is clear for all to see in the world famous Guernica, and this artwork follows a similar line of argument. The Korean War of the 1950s is his topic here, and again his loyalties lie with innocent civilians, caught up in another unnecessary squirmish. This truly expressionist art work is inspired by rumours circulating around that time of reports of American atrocities. Picasso had clear communist affiliations at this time, and these appear in several of his paintings. Picasso separates the painting into two clear divisions, the victims and the aggressors. The message again is clear, all can understand the artist's desire to mock the perpetrators and argue against unnecessary violence and aggression.

The careful construction of both sides of this scene aims to portray the aggressors as the destroyers of life, imposing a plethora of weapons over pregnant innocents.